Saying America needs “more prayer, not less,” President Donald Trump has declared house of worship “essential” and directed the country’s governors “to do the right thing and allow these very important essential places of faith to open right now, this weekend.”
“The people are demanding to go to church and their synagogue, to go to their mosque. Many, many millions of Americans embrace worship as an essential part of life,” he said in a midday announcement.
“The ministers, pastors, imams and other faith leaders will make sure their congregations are safe as they gather and pray. They love their congregations, they love their people,” Mr Trump said.
“If they don’t do it, I will override the governors. America, we need more prayer, not less,” he said, though many of Mr Trump’s critics said the US president could not constitutionally “override” governors’ authority on this matter in their own states.
Mr Trump noted that several governors “have deemed liquor stores and abortion clinics as essential but have left out churches and other houses of worship. It’s not right.”
Among those who praised Mr Trump’s declaration that houses of worship are essential was the president and CEO of the Plano, Texas-based First Liberty Institute, a non-profit law firm that handles cases on religious freedom and other First Amendment issues.
“The discrimination that has been occurring against churches and houses of worship has been shocking,” said Kelly Shackelford, who also is chief counsel to the First Liberty Institute. “We applaud the president’s strong stance today demanding that these attacks must stop and that churches and houses of worship be freed to safely open. Americans are going to malls and restaurants. They need to be able to go to their houses of worship.”
When the coronavirus was declared a pandemic, Catholic dioceses across the US closed churches and suspended the public celebration of Mass, following the guidelines issued by government officials and health officials in stay-at-home orders to stop the spread of the virus.
In some parts of the country, as states have begun to open up in stages, dioceses have been issuing their own plans for the gradual reopening of churches over several phases, with the safety of congregants, priests, deacons and other parish staff foremost in the minds of Catholic officials.
They include rules for social distancing, small-number limits on gatherings, requirements for face coverings, hand-sanitizing procedures, and best practices for disinfecting pews and other areas of churches.
Across the board these church protocols have many other commonalities, including no holy water in fonts, a prohibition on physical contact during the Our Father or the sign of peace, no presentation of the gifts, reception of Communion in the hand, and for the time being the Precious Blood will not be offered at holy Communion.
Mr Trump’s announcement comes less than a week after the US Department of Justice challenged the “unequal treatment of faith communities” in California’s coronavirus reopening plan, warning that continued restrictions on worship services threaten believers’ civil rights to practice their religion.
“Simply put, there is no pandemic exception to the US Constitution and its Bill of Rights,” said Assistant Attorney General Eric Dreiband in a three-page letter sent to California Governor Gavin Newsom. Mr Dreiband is in the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division.
And in Minnesota the state’s Catholic bishops and Lutheran officials are moving ahead with plans to resume liturgies at one-third church capacity on Sunday , despite the Governor Tim Walz’s executive order capping faith-based gatherings at 10 people due to the pandemic.
Archbishop Bernard A. Hebda of St Paul and Minneapolis said he doesn’t see the Minnesota bishops’ plan as an act of defiance of the law, but rather an assertion of the rights given to them by the law. The decision should not be interpreted as a sign of disrespect for the governor’s authority, he said.
He and leaders of the Lutheran Church Missouri Minnesota South District met with Governor Walz to explain why they see expanding the allowance for crowd size as “an urgent need,” and remained hopeful he would change his executive order.
Meanwhile, restaurants, bars, shopping centre, retail stores, salons and tattoo parlours in Minnesota have been green-lighted to reopen with certain restrictions. Restaurants, for example, are permitted to open on June 1 for outdoor dining for 50 people, who must be socially distanced.